The term Vertical gardening refers to a garden that grows vertically through a suspended panel. Vertical Gardens are also known as Green Walls. The hydroponic farming technique helps to develop a successful Verticle Garden. The exclusive structures of these Gardens can either be attached to a wall or can be self-supporting.
Vertical gardens have been in use from ancient civilizations for beauty. But nowadays it is an excellent boost to modern business. Vertical gardens are not only stunningly beautiful but also useful for improving the atmosphere.
Moreover, they can afford to lesser temperatures equally outdoor and indoor, and soak up hot gas in the air. Green Walls can also provide fresh indoor air. Many plants hand herbs are always grown on walls on their own. Vertical Gardening offers a system to grow these plants in a useful manner.
Methods of Vertical Gardening
There are two main categories for vertical Gardening.
- Green Facades
- Living Walls
A green facade contains on climbing plants. It has a specific design as supporting structures or mounting directly on a wall. The roots of the plant are in the ground, but it grows up to the building.
While in a living will, the modular panels are consist of a growing medium, polypropylene plastic containers, irrigation systems, geo-textiles, and plants.
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Green facades are a type of green wall system which involves cascading plants or climbing plants. It can be tie up on existing walls or built as self-supporting structures as fences/columns.
There are two central Green Facades systems;
- Modular Trellis Panel
- Grid and Wire – Rope Net System
Modular Trellis Panel
The core of this modular system is a lightweight, rigid, and three-dimensional panel prepared from a powder-covered welded and galvanized steel wire. This system has a design to hold the plants in such that they do not attach to the wall.
Panels cover large areas and have a property to create shapes and curves. These panels are also recyclable.
Grid and wire-rope net systems
Grid and wire-rope net systems use cables and wires as preparation equipment. These Grids are used on green facades to support the climbing plants that grow faster. Wire-net provides extra support to the plants that grow slower.
Grid and wire both systems demands the use of high tensile steel cables, withholding equipment.
Living walls are also famous as bio-walls. These systems comprise pre vegetated panels and on vertical modules. These panels usually have stretched polystyrene, plastic, clay, concrete, synthetic fabric, and metal type material. Living walls require more safety than green facades. They have variety and density of plants.
Living walls have three main parts: a PVC layer, a metal frame, and an air layer (no soil). This system is suitable for several plant species; these are perennial flowers, a mixture of vegetation, ferns, and low shrubs.
It is resistant to different climate changes. However, it is easy to maintain the system with the selection of tolerable climate species.
Landscape walls are typically the converse of vertical gardens. They have the primary function of decreasing the noise and slope stabilization. The structure of these walls is usually stacking; which has plastic or concrete material.
Vegetated mat walls
These walls have two layers of synthetic fabric with pockets that support growing medium and plants. The irrigation system distributes the nutrients with the cycle’s water top to down.
Essential Factors for Vertical Gardening
A few critical indoor conditions play a vital role in the Growth of Plants. These are the following;
Water should be of acceptable quality for the nourishment of green walls. Hard water is not suitable for healthy plants. Moreover, for more extensive perennial beds hand-watering by a pipe at start and later drip irrigation system is most appropriate. On the other hand, the showers are perfect.
Selection of soil
There are several options for a better selection of soil. For instance, local mud directly out of the ground, an organic soil gather from a nursery is the best option for farmers. Moreover, the mixture of both of these soil is also a best-growing medium.
No matter how many skylights or windows are there into a building, light within a room will never equal to the light intensity outside. As we know, Plants require sunlight to survive and nurture, so the quality and power of light are vital.
The Light intensity ten to ten thousand (FC) through the day and five (FC) by night is enough for a living room.
Temperature and humidity
For the majority of the tropical indoor plants, optimal humidity and temperature are fifty to fifty-five percent and twenty to thirty-five degrees, respectively as they flourish and survive excellently at these conditions.