Rajan puri goat also referred to as Beetal breed goat or Nukra bakra. The region of their existence is the Punjab of India and Pakistan. Yet, they have similarities with Jamunapari goat. Rajan puri goats are famous for dairy and commercial meat production. Their skin is of good quality and used in the leather market.
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They are more adaptable to climate change and the environment. Moreover, these goats are suitable for farming with almost no grazing place. Beetal breed goats have home-tract in Gujranwala, Lahore, Sialkot Rawalpindi, Toba Tek Singh, Faisalabad, Sargodha, Multan, Sahiwal, and okara. In India, the true breeds are available in Gurdaspur, Amritsar, and Firozpur district.
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It is found in various colours mainly body colour is black to Golden brown and spotted with white, brown, or black or brown with white patches. They are mostly available in black colour, and brown colour Rajanpuri goat percentage is very less. It truly resembles Jamunapari goat with a convex face and Roman nose. They too have long and flat dropping ears. Bucks have long and spiralled horns while in females horns are short. They have long legs, short and thin tail. The udder is well developed with perfect conical teats. In respect of average body measurements, the height and length of a male goat is 90 cm and 76 cm. A female goat is about 81 cm and 71 cm, respectively. Adult male body weight is 55 kg and of a female is 45 kg. Their milk yield is 1.8-2.7 kg. Milk yield per lactation period is 150-190 kg.
This animal has a curious nature, so they can eat a variety of foods that are sweet, bitter, and salty. They have a habit of spoiling their food as they urinate on feeding place, so special feeding place is required that can protect the food from spoilage. Anyhow, Beetals are good at milk yield so nutritious food is required for them. They like to eat fodder based on Berseem, Garlic, Peas, Beans, Guar, Corn, and oats, and it is good for their energy and milk production. Moreover, they eat the tree leaves of mangos, neem, berry, and peepal. They also eat root plants like carrot, potatoes, leftover material vegetables, and grass.
A male Rajan puri goat becomes mature at the age of 12-15 months, and the female goat produces their first kids at 20-22 months of the age. Female goats produce one pair of kids every year. To become successful in the breeding process takes good care of buck for the breeding procedure and pregnant goat. Crossbreed is also suggested for the Rajan puri buck with the regional goat for good results.
- Healthy development of pregnant goat is to dry her off before six-eight weeks of delivery and take her to clean room cover with straw on the floor before fifteen days of expecting a kid.
- For newborn care, clean the nostrils, ears, and face with the help of cotton and remove the placental membrane. Clean the udder of goat with texture iodine then gives the first colostrum’s drink to the kid after 30 minutes of birth.
- After delivery, clean the room and backside of goat with iodine or neem water. Give sugary water to goat then hot feed that will be consist of ginger, salt, metal sawdust, and sugar.
Diseases and Cure
Coccidiosis: It set up mainly in young kids, caused by coccidian parasite. The symptoms include dehydration, diarrhoea, and fever.
Cure: Biosol medicine is given to once in a day for about 5-7 days to get a cure from coccidiosis, also be handled with Corid or Sulmet
Enterotoxaemia: It is also known as overeating disease. The signs are loss of appetite, high temperature, convulsions, or death.
Cure: Yearly booster vaccination is given to avoid it. A treatment of Antitoxins of C and D type is also available.
Pregnancy toxemia: It is a metabolic disease. The signs are loss of appetite, sweet-smelling breath, laziness.
Cure: Propylene glycol is given twice a day along with water and sodium bicarbonate will help to treat toxemia.
Pneumonia: It creates illness on the lungs, and the signs are respiratory problems and fever.
Cure: Certain antibiotics are given to cure disease.
|Breed||Rajan Puri Goat / Beetal Goat|
|Colour||White, Black, Brown (with patches)|
|Height(cm), Length(cm) Male||90, 76|
|Height(cm), Length(cm) Female||81, 71|
|Adult Male Weight (kg)||55|
|Adult Female Weight||45|
|Reproduction age||20-22 months|
|percentage of singles, twins, triples||40%, 52%, 7%|
|Milk Yield/d (kg)||1.8-2.7|
|Milk Yield per Lactation Period (kg)||150-190|