The Oriental breed of cat is a sleek, graceful creature with wide, flaring ears and almond-shaped eyes that is frequently related to the Siamese breeds.
Orientals are talkative, friendly, and intelligent. They also have a lifelong love of playing, similar to that of a kitten. They enjoy playing with toys of many kinds, from cardboard boxes to catnip mice, and many of them are eager fetchers.
Oriental cats may develop a strong attachment with only one person, but they can get along well with kids, other cats, and even dogs. Orientals are not the best solo pets because of their desire for interaction and company.
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Oriental cats resemble feline athletes in every way because to their unusually long necks and long, slender, agile bodies. They have extraordinarily huge ears for their delicate heads.
While Oriental Longhairs have a semi-long coat, Oriental Shorthairs have a short, glossy coat.
As true multicoloured and multipatterned cats, Oriental Shorthairs and Longhairs come in solid, tabby, silver, smoky, and particolor variations. The Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) reports that there are currently more than 600 colour, pattern, and coat length combinations available for the Oriental breed.
The Oriental Shorthair is a short-haired breed that only has to be brushed occasionally to keep its coat healthy and reduce shedding, as suggested by its name. The Oriental Longhair merely requires routine brushing to minimise shedding because it lacks a woolly undercoat.
Orientals are often a healthy breed. The Siamese breed, however, is prone to a number of health problems, including dilated cardiomyopathy, which impairs the heart’s capacity to contract, hereditary liver amyloidosis, crossed eyes, and an inherited neurological impairment. This breed has also been linked to mast cell cancer and bladder stones.
Even though a solid-colored Siamese cat has been mentioned in writing from the late 1800s, deliberate development of an accepted Oriental breed didn’t start until the 1950s. To expand the gene pool, breeders in Europe began selectively breeding them by combining Siamese with Russian Blues, British Shorthairs, Abyssinians, and domestic shorthairs.
The Oriental Shorthair was approved by the CFA in 1977, while the Oriental Longhair was added to the breed registry in 1995.