Nachi breed goat is known for its unique dancing gait. It also pronounced as “Nouchi”. The list of goat breed is somewhat incomplete without Nachi. “Nach” is a native word in the Punjab region used for dance. So, Nachi means the one can dance. Dancing gait is its unique and natural property. Goat shows become attractive with the participation of Nachi goat. Young and old equally attract to these multi-breed shows. Anyhow, the number of Nachi goats is reducing yearly. The main reason for this decline is the change in the lifestyle of villagers and, squeezing the grazing paces.
Nachi is a unique genetic resource not only in Pakistan but in the entire world. The central district of inhibiting Nachi belongs to Pakistan such as Jhang, Multan, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh, Layyah, and Bahawalnagarin. People take goats in other provinces and even in other countries.
Nachi goats usually have a black colour with no spot. Their horns are spiral cork screw shaped directed upward. Short and smooth hair spread beautifully on the entire body—white ears with black flecks. Similarly, the lower part of the lips also has white spots. The size of the body is medium. The udder is well developed in females but not well-grown. Teats are small. The neck is long and thin in does while short and robust in bucks. The nose is Roman. Doe weighs around 32 kg, and buck weighs approximately 38 kg. There are some other strains of Nachi in Rajanpur and its nearby areas. These are in different colours, i.e. grey-white, golden, grey, and white.
Nachi goats love to graze in an open place, but they cannot go through long distances. Stall feeding is also a good idea. The seasonal green fodder is also suitable for nourishing. Barley, cottonseed cake, and wheat bran with 250 mg portion of each should provide daily—standard salt blocks for licking. The vaccination of goats should regularly perform as per schedule. This is a fight against various contagious diseases.
Nachi goats get mature in early ages as most of the other breed of goats. At the age of around 13 months, they get ripe. The gestation period is about 4-5 months. Twining possibility is approximately 52% at first pregnancy.
Goat kidding interval is 10-11 months, and daily milk yield is 0.6-0.9 kg. The lactation length is five months. The fertility rate is reasonable in Nachi goats. Crossbreeding is also done with other breeds of goat. But their unique Dancing gait does not appear.
- The healthy nourishment of pregnant goat dry her off before six to eight weeks of delivery and take her to clean room cover with straw on a floor before fifteen days of expecting a kid.
- For newborn care, clean the nostrils, ears, and face with the help of cotton and remove the placental membrane. Clean the udder of goat with texture iodine then gives the first colostrum drink to the kid after 30 minutes of birth.
- After delivery, clean the room and backside of goat with iodine or neem water. Give sugary liquid to goat then hot feed that will be consist of ginger, salt, metal sawdust, and sugar.
Farmers raised the Nachi goat specifically for their beauty and dancing gait. Milk production quality is at second priority. Besides, the growth rate is faster as compared to the other breeds of the region. So meat production is also a reason for keeping the Nachi goat. Most of the goat farmers maintain Nachi along with other livestock species because it fetches a comparatively reasonable price. Nachi is also famous for the production of hair. It produces nearly 0.81 kg of wool every year.
Goat shows held every year to attract visitors. Here an experienced and well-informed person can judge the right breed of Nachi goat.
Checkout: Judging Nachi Goat
|Area||Jhang, Multan, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh, Layyah,|
|Breed Purpose||Meat, Hair, Milk, Beauty|
|Horns||spiral cork screw shaped directed upward|
|climate tolerance||All climate|
|Adult Buck Weight (kg)||38|
|Adult doe Weight||32|
|Reproduction age (months)||13-15|
|Gestation Period (months)||4-5|
|Milk Yield/d (kg)||0.6-0.9|
|Lactation Length (months)||5|