Barbari goat breed name derives from its source place “Berbera” situated in India. It is commonly found in the Punjab and Sindh districts of Pakistan. In India, it is available in Haryana, Punjab, and Utter Pradesh.
Barbari goats provide premium quality meat, but, the milk yield is also excellent. Weather conditions in India and Pakistan are suitable for them. Bucks and does both get grown-up early and are resistant towards common goat diseases. Moreover, This breed goat is appropriate for viable meat farming business.
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Barbari goats have a wide range of coat colours, but the creamy white colour with small brown patches is most common. It is a small to medium height animal with a compact body. Ears are short and tubular with the slit opening in front, erect and directed outward. Both bucks and does have thick and large bearded. Their Horns are twisted and directed upward. The udder is well developed with conical teats. The length of a male and a female barbari goat is approximately 65 cm, and 75 cm respectively. The adult male body is 40 kg, and the female body weight is 25 kg. The average milk yield per day is 1-1.5 kg, and per lactation is around 100 kg.
Goats have a curious nature, so they can eat a variety of foods that are sweet, bitter, and salty. Barbari goats have a habit of spoiling their food as they urinate on feeding place. Therefore a special feeding place is required that can protect the food from spoilage.
This breed goat likes to eat fodder based on Berseem, Garlic, Peas, Beans, Guar, Corn, and oats, and it is suitable for their energy and milk production. Moreover, they eat the tree leaves of mangos, neem, berry, and peepal. They also eat root plants like carrot, potatoes, leftover material vegetables, and grass.
Barbari goats are famous for producing triples. They are prolific breeders. Barbari goats get mature at 10-11 months of age and start showing estrus. When mated, they get pregnant, and after five months, there is kidding. Their kid’s mortality rate is shallow as compared to other breeds. Their lactation period is 159 days.
- For the healthy development of pregnant goat dry her off before 6-8 weeks of delivery and take her to clean room cover with straw on a floor before 15 days of expecting a kid.
- For newborn care, clean the nostrils, ears, and face with the help of cotton and remove the placental membrane. Clean the udder of goat with texture iodine then gives the first colostrums drink to the kid after 30 minutes of birth.
- After delivery, clean the room and backside of goat with iodine or neem water. Give sugary liquid to goat then hot feed that will be consist of ginger, salt, metal sawdust, and sugar.
Disease and Cure
Coccidiosis: It set up mainly in young kids. Its cause is the coccidian parasite. The symptoms include dehydration, diarrhoea, and fever.
Cure: Biosol medicine is given to once in a day for about 5-7 days to get a treatment from coccidiosis. It can also be handled with Corid or Sulmet.
Enterotoxaemia: It is also known as overeating disease. The signs are loss of appetite, high temperature, convulsions, or death.
Cure: Yearly booster vaccination is given to avoid it. A treatment of Antitoxins of C and D type is also available.
Acidosis: It is mostly caused due to overeating of dense food. The symptoms are Teeth grinding, muscle twitching, and bulging.
Cure: Stop overfeeding and give soda bicarbonate (2-3 oz) to treat this disease.
Pregnancy toxemia: It is a metabolic disease. The signs are loss of appetite, sweet-smelling breath, laziness.
Cure: Propylene glycol is given twice a day along with water and sodium bicarbonate will help to treat toxemia.
Ketosis: It happened due to ketones which cause a lack of energy in the body. Decreased milk production, loss of appetite, and having sweet-smelling breath are the symptoms of the disease.
Cure: Drenching of glucose will help to cure ketosis.
Pneumonia: It creates illness on the lungs, and the signs are respiratory problems and fever.
Cure: Certain antibiotics are given to cure disease.
|Area||Punjab, Sindh, Utter Pradesh|
|Colour||White with brown patches|
|Adult Male Weight (kg)||40|
|Adult Female Weight||25|
|Reproduction age||10-11 months|
|percentage of singles, twins, triples||49.2, 50%, 1.5%|
|Milk Yield/d (kg)||1-1.5|
|Milk Yield per Lactation Period (kg)||100|