Pakistan is listed under those countries which are purely based on agriculture. Thus agriculture in Pakistan is the backbone of the economy and holds around 20% of its GDP yearly. 20% GDP seems to be tiny compare to the whole economy, but it contains about 42% of the employment of the country.
Punjab is a highly productive state in the agriculture sector of Pakistan. In Punjab, each year harvesting of wheat, cotton, sugarcane, mangoes, and rice at its peak. According to an analysis, Punjab of Pakistan is the highest fourth mangoes producer state.
Agriculture in Pakistan has such a significant impact over its economy that, now, it’s become the largest supplier of food and producer of crops according to International analysis. Also, Pakistan rank eight among all the countries regarding farming output or, in other words, the export ratio in the agriculture sector.
We can quickly get an idea of its export by just one commodity (sugar). Only this year 2020, Pakistan has exported around 783,308 tons of sugar. Where it’s on the Economy consumption of sugar is about 500,000 tons least per year, which is not a small figure for a single commodity.
Agriculture in Pakistan Ranked by Crops:
- Ranked (3rd) in Chickpea production
- Ranked (4th) in Cotton production
- Ranked (4th) in Milk production
- Ranked (4th) in Mango production
- Ranked (5th) in Date Palm production
- Ranked (5th) in Sugarcane production
- Ranked (6th) in Apricot production
- Ranked (6th) in Kinnow (hybrid cultivated), mandarin oranges, clementine production
- Ranked (7th) in Onion production
- Ranked (7th) in Wheat production
- Ranked (11th) in Rice production
The most essential and baseline crops of Pakistan are sugarcane, rice, and wheat. These three crops contain 75% output of the whole harvesting. According to the 2018 analysis, Pakistan’s most abundant harvest is wheat, which produced a production of around 26 million tons.
In 2005 Pakistan produced 21 million metric tons of wheat. If we compare this figure with South Africa, then it’s higher than that, South Africa has 20 million metric tons.
Pakistan improves its agriculture dramatically and controls the pesticides of crops in a short time. There is no doubt Pakistan is an excellent net exporter of food in which rice, cotton, fish, and different species fruits are included.
Pakistan is Asia’s biggest camel market, where sales and purchases happen. Pakistan is also famous in other markets of crops, as mentioned above in Bullet points.
According to Pakistan internal economic survey livestock sector contributing around half of the agriculture sector. Based on estimates, it’s near to 11% of the whole GDP of Pakistan.
According to Pakistan’s leading newspaper that the national herd consists of
- 24M cattle
- 24.9M sheep’s
- 26.3M buffaloes
- 56.7M goats
- 0.8M camels
In addition to this, Pakistan individually produced around 530M poultry and birds each year. Based upon the above estimated national herd, these animals had around 3 million tons of milk due to which Pakistan ranks 4th among other countries in the production of milk.
- 1.2 million tons of beef
- 0.7 million tons of mutton
- 0.5 million tons of poultry meat
- 40 thousand tons of wool
- Fifty-one million skins and animal hides along with 8.5 billion eggs each year.
Agricultural dairy farming has also played a significant part in economic growth. Livestock or dairy production contributes significantly to economic growth. The per capita annual protein is 18 kg of meat and 155 liters of milk. In South Asia, this is the highest pace. Milk and meat have strong demand, and their goods do.
By processing and selling those goods, farmers can get a good return. This cycle leads to increased per capita income as well as a rise in the economy’s national income.
Fisheries contribute directly to the availability of food, a means of livelihood for the coastal inhabitants, export earnings, and economic boost. This subsector contributed 2.03 percent to agriculture and reported an increase of 0.98 percent compared to last year’s growth of 0.65 percent. Fisheries sub-components such as marine fishing and inland fishing contributed to an overall value-adding increase in the fisheries sub-sector. Growth is expected to grow further in the coming year as the EU ban on fish exports from Pakistan is lifted.
Pakistan’s forestry sector is a significant source of timber, paper, coal, latex, medicine, fruit, and ecotourism. Forest sub-sector growth in 2013-14 stood at 1.52 percent compared with last year’s increase of 0.99 percent.
Enhancing Agriculture Sector
Agriculture in Pakistan gives employment to 40% of the nation’s workforce and is a critical speedy economic growth in the region. USAID has been working with Pakistan to improve production by cultivating new varieties of crops and enhancing management practices.
To raise farmers’ and agribusiness incomes, USAID helps small and medium-sized farmers access funding and boost the quality of fresh produce, meat, and processed foods that connect producers and agribusinesses to more lucrative markets.
|Not available for cultivation||23.10||2.97|
|Total reported area||57.99||17.50|
|Net area is sown||15.38||10.63|
|Area planted more than once||7.30||5.89|
|Total cropped area||22.68||16.52|
Note: All the facts are in a million hectares & collected from official sources: Punjab Gov